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Analyzing JSTOR corpus of publications: Is there gender homophily in scientific collaborations?

Seminar run by Elena A. Erosheva (University of Washington - Université Côte d'Azur International Chair in Data Science)


16/05/2019   :   10h00
Salle des Séminaires MSI, 1361 Route des Lucioles, 06560 Valbonne, France
 Speaker: Elena A. Erosheva (University of Washington - Université Côte d'Azur International Chair in Data Science)
Publication : 16/05/2019
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Analyzing JSTOR corpus of publications: Is there gender homophily in scientific collaborations?

Speaker: Elena A. Erosheva  (University of Washington - Université Côte d'Azur International Chair in Data Science)

Abstract: We develop methodology to  analyze  gender-based  homophily  in scholarly collaborations – the tendency for researchers to co-author with  individuals of the same gender. In contrast with previous efforts, which were limited to single academic disciplines, we investigate gender collaboration patterns across the scientific landscape using the corpus of JSTOR articles.  The methods we propose allow for a nuanced analysis of homophily necessitated by the fact that the data comprises heterogeneous subdisciplines and that authorships within these subdisciplines are not necessarily exchangeable. We distinguish between three components of gender homophily in collaborations:  a structural component that is due to the demographics and non-gendered authorship norms of a scientific community, a compositional component which is driven by varying gender representation across sub-disciplines, and a behavioral component which we define as the remainder of observed homophily after its structural and compositional components have been taken into account. Using minimal modeling assumptions, we measure and test for behavioral homophily. We find that significant behavioral homophily can be detected across wide swaths of the JSTOR corpus and show that this finding is robust to missing gender indicators in our data.

(Joint work with Y. Samuel Wang, Carole J. Lee, Jevin D. West, and Carl T. Bergstrom)